Monday, July 20, 2020
Thanks for Joining Us for Persist Our Instagram Feminist Book Club Sponsored by The Tenth Muse (Ecco/HarperCollins) From childhood, Katherine knows she is different, and that her parents are not who they seem to be. On her quest to conquer the Riemann hypothesis, the greatest unsolved mathematical problem of her time, she turns to a theorem with a mysterious history that holds both the lock and key to her identity, and to secrets long buried during World War II in Germany. In The Tenth Muse, Catherine Chung offers a gorgeous, sweeping tale about legacy, identity, and the beautiful ways the mind can make us free. Thatâs it for the summer 2019 edition of Persist! It was so great to chat with the many readers who showed up for our feminist book club (hosted entirely on Instagram Live!). We read and discussed So You Want to Talk About Race by Ijeoma Oluo, which was challenging, enlightening, and such a great read. Weâll be back next quarter in September for the next book! Our Managing Editor Sharifah Williams will be hosting our next book club, and sheâs picked Thick by Tressie McMillan-Cottom Keep an eye on our Instagram account for the time and dates of the next chats!
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Supporting Teaching and Learning Level 3 Diploma Unit 332 Ã¢â¬â Engage in personal development in health, social care in children`s and young people`s settings Outcome 1 1.1 At present employed at Cheam Park Farm Junior School in Year 5 as per the job description (see attachment 1) I have a range of duties such as enabling access to learning pupils and to assist the teacher in the management of pupils and the classroom. Supervising and providing particular support for pupils and ensuring their safety and access to learning activities but also challenging children to make them work to the best of their ability. Supervising children at playtime and making sure there playing safely individually and in groups. Setting outÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦2.2 Reflecting on my practise by identifying personally what I found hard and how I could improve and gain more knowledge and extend. Also by completing a SWOC analysis(see attachment 2) for my own feelings and what I as an individual would like to gain more knowledge on and what current opportunities would be available to me and what may prevent me from turning my weaknesses into strengths. In class I als o answered some questions on what I have learnt about myself as a TA and what were my highest/lowest emotional moments in the current week this was a good way of reflecting on my practise as made think on what my strengths and weaknesses are and what I need to progress on (see attachment 3) In my place of work we also every 6-8 months have a performance management meeting with our line manager to discuss what courses we would like to attend and what we would like to progress on(see attachment 4). During the course of Unit 332 we complete a PDP (personal development plans) by using SMART targets to address development/learning we want to improve on ( see attachment 5). Specific- target states exactly what is required Measurable- you have to be able to measure whether the target has been achieved Achievable- the target should be accessible Realistic- you have to have access to the training or resources required Time-bound Ã¢â¬â must have a time limit (short/mid/longer term) Johari`s (Luft 1970) The Jorahi`s Window is like a grid It goes from the obviousShow MoreRelatedUnit 332 Support Individuals in End of Life Care3173 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages1.1 There are agreed ways of working and legal requirements in place that are designed to protect the rights of an individual during end of life care, these are as follows: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Data Protection, recording, reporting, confidentiality and sharing information Ã¢â¬ ¢ The making of wills and living wills Ã¢â¬ ¢ Equality, Diversity and Discrimination Ã¢â¬ ¢ Visitors Ã¢â¬ ¢ Safeguarding of vulnerable adults Ã¢â¬ ¢ Removal of medical equipment from deceased people Ã¢â¬ ¢ Dealing with personal property of deceased people Ã¢â¬ ¢ RiskRead MoreDesign Parameters And Contingency Factors Essay950 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespersonal perspectives of how his work help us gain more understanding beyond scientific management in terms of contingency factors and standardization. 1.MintzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s five organisational configurations a. Simple structure Mintzberg (1980,pp.331-332) suggested this comparatively flat and informal architecture has minimal hierarchy, which only consists of top managers and operation, coordinating through direct command. Task allocation, work instructions and training are unnecessary due to the simpleRead MoreWhy Homelessness Is Like A Diseases?1218 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesseen since the great depression.Ã¢â¬ (Quindlen 332). . Mothers with children and babies suffer through the hot summer days and freezing winter nights, entire families is what the homeless population now consist of. Temporary shelters do not offer humane conditions to properly raise a child and guide them into becoming a beneficial member of society. This lifestyle closes many opportunities of ending the cycle that haunts them. Ã¢â¬Å"In the Emergency Assistance Unit hundreds of families wait every day to beRead MoreWhy Do You Believe So Many Other Employees Participate At Marketing Planning?855 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesproducts, to examin e how your product stacks up to others in the marketplace, and there may be a need for test marketing. (Tanner Raymond, 2010,) Similarly, a marketing researcher might be needed, or even a sales manager to forecast the quantity of units that can be sold, furthermore, executives are involved in the planning and approval process, which means the team size, might grow quite large before the proposal is completed. Since, the marketing plan is essential to keep the sales of a productRead MoreWhy Do You Believe So Many Other Employees Participate At Marketing Planning?855 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesproducts, to examine how your product stacks up to others in the marketplace, and there may be a need for test marketing. (Tanner Raymond, 2010,) Similarly, a marketing researcher might be needed, or even a sales manager to forecast the quantity of units that can be sold, furthermore, executives are involved in the planning and approval process, which means the team size, might grow quite large before the proposal is completed. Since, the marketing plan is essential to keep the sales of a productRead MoreInternal and External Factors Affecting Uk as a Destination Essay1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinto the UK economy. Visit Britain research, explains that the UK is an expensive country for many overseas visitors to visit, particularly from EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s new economies such as the Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland and Estonia. Book one 3rd edition Ã¢â¬â Unit 3 Ã¢â¬â 24/11/10 Accessibility The UK is one of the best connected countries for overseas tourism, with hundreds of air routes, sea routes and also the more recent Channel Tunnel rail service bringing tourists from Europe into the UK which gives theRead MoreWhat Makes A Marketing Plan?895 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessimilar products, to see how your product stacks up to others in the marketplace, and there may be a need for test marketing. (Tanner Raymond, 2010,) Similarly, a marketing researcher might be needed, or even a sales manager to forecast how many units can be sold all, furthermore, executives are involved in the planning and approval process, which means the team size, might grow quite large before the plan is completed. The marketing plan is essential to keep the sales of a product continuallyRead MoreEssay On Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa1901 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesone point, doctors attempted bone marrow transplants as a treatment for JEB; however, many patients died from the process and those that survived had mixed results. JEB is caused by mutations in the genes LAMA3, LAMB3 or LAMC2 which encode laminin-332, as well as mutations in plectin, collagen XVII, and Ã ±6Ã ²4 integrin, all of which encode for the attachment of the basement membrane the epidermis and dermis. More specifically, these mutations occur in the basal lamina of the basement membrane. As weRead MoreBargaining Power of Suppliers and Buyers of Video Games1087 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesproducts including PS4, PS3, PS2, PSP and others accessories and gaming equipment (IBISWorld, 2013). Thus, I believe there is a high power of suppliers on the subject of hardware and accessories. We need to estimate the prices of the cost of hardware units that we need to use. Since the productivity of IBMs Cell Processors was lower than expected, so the prices for the PlayStation3 used to be high. There was also a deficiency of LEDs which needed for the BluRay Drives. We are required to listen for theRead MoreWhatÃ ´s Intellectual Propterty? Essay901 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof the elements and interconnections of an integrated circuit. An integrated circuit (IC) is an electronic circuit in which the various components of the circuit are integrated into a medium, and which functions as a unit. Currently the construction material used to create this unit is a solid semiconductor such as silicon. The circuit is integrated into the piece of silicon, commonly called a chip or a silicon chip. The terms integrated circuit, semiconductor and silicon chip are used
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Although to our lives it may not seem like the world has changed much at all, the truth is the world has changed greatly and will continue to change. Why does the world change? Well, the simple answer is itÃ¢â¬â¢s in human nature to change and adapt, to innovate and move the next generation into something better. To understand how much the world the world has changed and how it will affect us, now and in the future. We must look to the past first, we will see how the population has grown and how if this continues we will not be able to sustain our finite amount of resources. Then we will discuss how the regional density has changed and how this will continue to have negative consequences on the environment and mankind. After that, we will consider how life expectancy has increased and how this results in more people being alive around at the same time and how this has started to affect our resources. These factors above are the result of human innovation and how humanity is continu ously improving itself. However, these improvements arenÃ¢â¬â¢t changing the world in the most positive way, population growth, regional density, and life expectancy are causing the finite amount of resource we have, to deteriorate along with the quality of the environment. More people means, more food, water, and more pollution because more resources are being expended. The world population is growing at an extremely fast rate due to innovation in a variety of fields like health and medical research andShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Beats Plastic And Its Effects On Our Natural Environment884 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesarticle is Paper beats plastic? How to rethink environmental folklore written by Leyla Acaroglu. As you analyze life cycles, do you know someone who plays a part of the system that affects our natural environment? How does a person know if there actually reducing environmental impacts through their actions involving natural environment? There must be a common ground when it comes to an effective analysis in order to get a clearer picture of what effects the natural environment. Paper beats plastic, theRead MoreAnalysis Of Slavoj Zizek : Ecology, Garbage And The Environment847 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSlavoj Zizek: Ecology Trash and the Environment There have been many debates on how the earth does not have the compacity to support the population growth and this has affected the ecosystem. Some of the issues that have developed from over population are the amount of trash that is generated and its affect on the environment; the natural resources are being depleted; and how the natural balance of nature has been interrupted, resulting in global warming, also how technology has impacted the worldRead MoreHow the Environment Affects StudentsÃ¢â¬â¢ Learning Essay1281 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHow the Environment Affects StudentsÃ¢â¬â¢ Learning By: Jessica Robinson REED 504: Processes and Acquisition of Reading Skills Professor Curbeam-Newby Recently there has been more thought put into how vital a studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ environment is as it relates to their academic success. Both community environment and physical learning environment in schools have a great deal of influence on how the students learn, handle certain situations, perceive things, and overall just how their brain processesRead MorePsychology, Existential And Cognitive Behavioral Therapy1727 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmislabeling in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s automatic thought patterns (Corey, 2013). PART 1 - Human nature: Are people essentially good, evil, or neutral? How much of personality is inborn or determined by biological and/or other innate factors? Are there inborn drives, motives, tendencies, or other psychological or behavioral characteristics that all human beings have in common? How much of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s individuality is determined by heredity or other innate factors? I believe people are essentially good with evil tendenciesRead MoreThe Effects Of Air Pollution On Our Health And Sustainability1408 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesissues the human race is causing to planet earth, as well as the issues that it is causes to our personal health. Air pollution is a large problem that exists in the United States and affects all of us. However, the challenge that we as AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s face is the inescapable necessities of modern life (driving to work, cooking food, etc.). These technologies are directly linked to air pollution and therefore affect our health and sustainability. BusinessDictionary.com defines air pollution as, Ã¢â¬Å"the conditionRead MoreIntroduction:. Homeostasis Is The Process Of Maintaining1003 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmaintaining a fairly constant interval environment. Homeostatic mechanisms help us to be independent of our external environment. It helps us regulate our body temperature, pH, concentration of dissolved substance in the body flu ids, concentration of glucose in blood, concentration of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood and body fluids, blood pressure and concentration of metabolic wastes. Without it, we wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to survive and adapt to our environment. Homeostasis is vital for us humansRead MoreEthics Of Human Impact On The Environment1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLuke Obrique Ap Capstone Mrs. Satchwell 23 January 2015 Ethics of Human Impact on the Environment Introduction In 2008, the United States declared the polar bears an endangered species. Endangered species is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a species at risk of extinction because of human activity, changes in climate, and changes in predator-prey ratiosÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Dictionary). Andrew Derocher, a professor of biological sciences at the University of Alberta, recalls that 30 years ago polar bears Ã¢â¬Å"could be seen up and down theRead MoreImplications For The Future Paper1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespositive environmental behavior, how positive and negative consequences can increase pro-environmental behavior, describe one positive and one negative example how technology advances have impacted our environment, and talk about the influence of the environmental policies. Two Strategies for Promoting Positive Environmental Behavior One strategy that would help to promote a positive environmental behavior would be Positive Cueing. Cues are elements in the environment that convey important informationRead MoreInvention Is the Mother of Necessities1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesModule 1 - Background Invention is the mother of necessities.Ã¢â¬ - Marshall McLuhan Questions We Ask Ourselves Marshall McLuhan s saying, Invention is the mother of necessities, is an example of wit. How is it witty? What is the original saying? You need wit to think about technology, for wit demands creative thinking. And once you start thinking creatively, you start to see the effect of technology on us all. The usual saying is, Necessity is the mother of invention. That makes sense:Read MoreSynthesis Essay : Synthesis Process Essay Essay1680 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIt has recently been brought to my attention that our school is looking to adopt a sustainable menu into our meal program and I would like to give my viewpoint on the matter. As one many students here at Oxford Academy this change will affect me directly. Although people may at first oppose this conversion I think if we are able to overcome the first obstacles, this change would bring a great positive impact to the environment and the health of our students. In the name of health the school lunch
Working, parenting, and going to school are tough Is it possible to accomplish my goals and still meet everyday responsibilities? Working a full-time job, being a single parent, and going to college are emotionally draining. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s stressful, frustrating, and hard to be positive at times when there are so many demands on time. Goals can be accomplished and still meet everyday responsibilities. We will write a custom essay sample on Working and Going to School or any similar topic only for you Order Now Working, parenting, and going to school are tough. Working a full time job is demanding. Getting up early and working late is physically draining. Day to day responsibilities need to be met which adds stress. My job is physically demanding on a daily basis. I work in the service field where I work outside everyday in any kind of weather. Heavy lifting, climbing, completing the job at hand, all the while praying I go home safe and in one piece at the end of the day. Ã¢â¬Å"I was waiting tables, going nowhere,Ã¢â¬ said Lynch, 32, and a single mother of one. Ã¢â¬Å"I was in a rut for a long, long time. Ã¢â¬ (Brindley, 2006) Those statements made me think about what IÃ¢â¬â¢m doing to change my life for the better. A one income household requires that I drag my behind out of bed on a daily basis and do my job to the best of my ability in order to pay the bills. IÃ¢â¬â¢m a single parent of a 15 year old daughter whom I love very much. Being a single parent isnÃ¢â¬â¢t easy. The sole responsibility of a raising a child to be responsible and disciplined is entirely up to the single parent. I talk with my daughter on a regular basis about my assignments and what my grades are in my courses. She cheers for me when I get excellent scores on tests. I need all the motivation I can possibly get. Recently, my daughter sprained her foot at school and has been on crutches for the past two weeks. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve made changes to my daily schedule to accommodate her needs. She is in a walking cast now but still stubborn and demanding. She is a typical teenager that plans activities with her friends and needs Mom to get her where she needs to go. School and grades are a constant struggle with her. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t get through to her know it all head that doing her homework and studying for tests are a must to get decent grades. I see that if I am going to be a positive role model, going back to school and succeeding in my courses. (Seastrand, 2007) When her grades are down she has no privileges. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s when Mom gets a break! SheÃ¢â¬â¢s not much fun to be around during these times either. Attending online college courses is mentally and physically demanding. Staying organized isnÃ¢â¬â¢t an easy task. Organization is the key to your success. If you have no idea what assignments are due, what appointments at work or school are up ahead you will get more stressed which will make your GPA plummet. Keep your home organized with your textbooks in one spot, your bills and mail in another spot, etc. Patience and priorities are a necessity. Take the time to stay organized and donÃ¢â¬â¢t procrastinate. (Comments on: How to Manage School While Working, 2005) IÃ¢â¬â¢m constantly kicking my daughter off of the computer in order to get assignments done. Deadlines for assignments donÃ¢â¬â¢t change but need to be broken down into tasks on a daily basis to meet the deadlines. Attending college courses is stressful. The decision to start taking college courses and working towards my B. A. in Accounting was easy. Ã¢â¬Å"How was I going to pay for my education? Ã¢â¬ I applied for grants and loans for this year. I had to wait several months before I did get my approval after starting my courses. I can breathe a little easier now but I still have several more years in order to finish my degree. I am in the midst of checking into scholarships which will greatly help the financial needs of school. Re-organizing my schedule in order to complete assignments and study is an on-going struggle. Ã¢â¬Å"Will I be successful in my college courses and get good grades? Ã¢â¬ IÃ¢â¬â¢m constantly working on this and praying for the best. Being a single college mother is a hard win/win situation and the long term effects are most important. (Seastrand, 2007) Being a good example to my daughter and getting good grades on work is my motivation to keep going. Organization, communication, patience, and priorities are necessities and the keys to success. (Comments on: How to Manage School While Working, 2005). Here is one statement that really struck me and I hope it helps other students also. Most importantly, always believe YOU CAN DO IT! Becoming more educated will change your life. In the famous words of someone whose name I have forgotten: Ã¢â¬Å"It is never too late to be who you were meant to become. Ã¢â¬ Good luck, IÃ¢â¬â¢m pulling for you! (Comments on: How to Manage School While Working, 2005) Another insight was not listening to people who say what your doing will be Ã¢â¬Å"too hard. Ã¢â¬ Keep pushing through and before you know it your degree requirements will be satisfied and your child will be clapping for you on graduation day. Go easy on yourself and keep things as simple as possible. Rely on friends and family if need be. (Seastrand, 2007). Working a full time job, being a single parent, and going to college are all very stressful but goals can be accomplished with organization and patience. References Brindley, M. (2006, November). Going back to college made easier for single parents hoping to improve their lives. Comments on: How to Manage School While Working (2005, 22 November). Seastrand, A. , (2007, April). WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s a Mom to Do? College Mom Magazine How to cite Working and Going to School, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Internet Regulation: Policing Cyberspace INTERNET REGULATION: POLICING CYBERSPACE The Internet is a method of communication and a source of information that is becoming more popular among those who are interested in, and have the time to surf the information superhighway. The problem with this much information being accessible to this many people is that some of it is deemed inappropriate for minors. The government wants censorship, but a segment of the population does not. Legislative regulation of the Internet would be an appropriate function of the government. The Communications Decency Act is an amendment which prevents the information superhighway from becoming a computer red light district. On June 14, 1995, by a vote of 84-16, the United States Senate passed the amendment. It is now being brought through the House of Representatives.1 The Internet is owned and operated by the government, which gives them the obligation to restrict the materials available through it. Though it appears to have sprung up overnight, the inspiration of free-spirited hackers, it in fact was born in Defense Department Cold War projects of the 1950s.2 The United States Government owns the Internet and has the responsibility to determine who uses it and how it is used. The government must control what information is accessible from its agencies. This material is not lawfully available through the mail or over the telephone, there is no valid reason these perverts should be allowed unimpeded on the Internet. Since our initiative, the industry has commendably advanced some blocking devices, but they are not a substitute for well-reasoned law.4 Because the Internet has become one of the biggest sources of information in this world, legislative safeguards are imperative. The government gives citizens the privilege of using the Internet, but it has never given them the right to use it. They seem to rationalize that the framers of the constitution planned & plotted at great length to make certain that above all else, the profiteering pornographer, the pervert and the pedophile must be free to practice their pursuits in the presence of children on a taxpayer created and subsidized computer network.3 People like this are the ones in the wrong. Taxpayer's dollars are being spent bringing obscene text and graphics into the homes of people all over the world. The government must take control to prevent pornographers from using the Internet however they see fit because they are breaking laws that have existed for years. Cyberpunks, those most popularly associated with the Internet, are members of a rebellious society that are polluting these networks with information containing pornography, racism, and other forms of explicit information. When they start rooting around for a crime, new cybercops are entering a pretty unfriendly environment. Cyberspace, especially the Internet, is full of those who embrace a frontier culture that is hostile to authority and fearful that any intrusions of police or government will destroy their self-regulating world.5 The self-regulating environment desired by the cyberpunks is an opportunity to do whatever they want. The Communications Decency Act is an attempt on part of the government to control their free attitude displayed in homepages such as Sex, Adult Pictures, X-Rated Porn, Hot Sleazy Pictures (Cum again + again) and sex, sex, sex. heck, it's better even better than real sex6. What we are doing is simply making the same laws, held constitutional time and time again by the courts with regard to obscenity and indecency through the mail and telephones, applicable to the Internet.7 To keep these kinds of pictures off home computers, the government must control information on the Internet, just as it controls obscenity through the mail or on the phone. Legislative regulations must be made to control information on the Internet because the displaying or distribution of obscene material is illegal. The courts have generally held that obscenity is illegal under all circumstances for all ages, while indecency is generally allowable to adults, but that laws protecting children from this lesser form are acceptable. It's called protecting those among us who are children from the vagrancies of adults.8 The constitution of the United States has set regulations to determine what is categorized as obscenity and what is not. In Miller vs. California, 413 U.S. at 24-25,
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Corazon Aquino Essay Example Corazon Aquino Paper Corazon Aquino Paper Dictatorship Is Iike a big proud ship-steaming away across the ocean with a great hulk and powerful engines driving it. Its going tast and strong and looks like nothing could stop It. What happens? Your fine ship strikes something-under the surface. Maybe its a mine or a reef, maybe Its a torpedo or an iceberg. And your wonderful ship sinks! Now take Democracy. Its like riding on a raft, a rickety raft that was put together in a hurry. We get tossed about on the waves, its bad going, and our feet are always wet. But the raft doesnt sink lts the raft that will get to the shore at last. This Is how democracy Is viewed by the businessman. Indeed, democracy Is a word that unites and pleases all the people. It also brings hope and peace to a nation. But what does democracy really means? According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Democracy means a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of epresentation usually involving periodically held free elections. Another meaning of democracy is a political form of government in which governing power is derived from the people, either by direct referendum (direct democracy) or by means of elected representauves of the people (representative democracy). The term comes trom the Greek: bnpoxpatla (demokratia) rule ot the people, which was coined from ipoq (d mos) people and Kproq (Kratos) power, in the middle of the 5th-4th century 3C to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city- states. otably Athens following a popular uprising in 508 BC. Democracy played a vital role in the Philippines. The Americans introduced this kind of government to us when they got our country from the Spaniards 112 years ago. The Philippine Presidents taking oath after the rule of American regime implemented the same form of government until a dictator emerged In the personality of President Ferdinand E. Marcos. President Marcos declared Martial Law on September 23, 1972 by virtue of Proclamation No. 1081 . Marcos, ruling by decree, curtailed press freedom and other civil liberties, closed down Congress and media establishments, and ordered the rrest of opposition leaders and militant activists, including his staunchest critics. senators Benigno Aquino, Jr. ,Jovito Salonga and Jose Diokno. The declaration of exiled in the U. S for three years, the Filipino opposition activist Benigno Aquino was assassinated on the tarmac of Manila airport on 21 August 1983, moments after his return to the country to challenge the rule of long-term president, Ferdinand Marcos. That was also the day Maria Corazon Sumulong CoJuangco-Aquino stopped being, in her words, Just a housewife. Before we go further, lets know more about Ninoys Wife first. Corazon CoJuangco was born the sixth of eight children in Tarlac, a member of one of the richest Chinese-mestizo families in the Philippines. She was born to Jose CoJuangco of Tarlac and Demetria Sumulong of Antipolo, Rizal. Her ancestry was one-eighth Tagalog in maternal side, one-eighth Kapampangan and one-fourth Spanish in her paternal side, and half-Chinese in both maternal and paternal sides. She was sent to St.Ã Scholasticas College Manila and finished grade school as class valedictorian in 1943. In 1946, she studied high school for one year in Assumption Convent Manila. Later she was sent overseas to study in Ravenhill Academy in Philadelphia, the Notre Dame Convent School in New York, and the College of Mount Saint Vincent, also in New York. She worked as a volunteer in the 1948 United States presidential campaign of Republican Thomas Dewey against President Harry Truman. She studied liberal arts and graduated in 1953 with a Bachelor of Arts in French Language, with a minor in mathematics. She intended to become a math teacher and language interpreter. Aquino returned to the Philippines to study law at the Far Eastern University, owned by the family of the late Nicanor Reyes, Sr. , who had been the father-in-law of her older sister Josephine. She gave up her law studies when in 1954, she married Benigno Servillano Ninoy Aquino, Jr. the son of a former Speaker of the National Assembly. They had five children together: a son, Benigno Simeon Aquino Ill, who was elected as the 1 5th President of the Philippine Republic in May 2010, and four daughters, Maria Elena A.Ã Cruz, Aurora Corazon A. Abellada, Victoria Eliza A. Dee, and actress-television host Kristina Bernadette A. Yap. Aquino had initial difficulty adjusting to provincial life when she and her husband moved to Concepcion, Tarlac in 1955, after her husband had been lected the towns mayor at the age of 22. The American-educated Aquino found herself bored in Concepcion, and welcomed the opportunity for she and her husband to have dinner inside the American military facility at nearby Clark Field. Benigno Aquino soon emerged as a leading critic of the government of President Ferdinand Marcos of the Nacionalista Party, and there was wide speculation that he would run in the 1973 presidential elections, Marcos then being term limited. However, Marcos declared martial law on September 21, 1972, and later abolished the 1935 Constitution, allowing him to remain in office. Aquinos husband was among those arrested at the onset of martial law, later being sentenced to death. During his incarceration, Aquino drew strength from prayer, attending daily mass and saying three rosaries a day. As a measure of sacrifice, she enjoined her children from attending parties, and herself stopped from going to the beauty salon or buying new clothes, until a priest advised her and her children to instead live as normal lives as possible. In 1980, Aquinos husband was released from Jail in order to undergo heart Harvard University for the next three years. His family lived with him in the Boston rea and his wife described the time as the best years of her life. In 1983 supporters of the anti-Marcos factions persuaded Aquinos husband to return to the Philippines and to lead their cause. When his plane landed on the tarmac of the Manila International Airport on August 21, 1983, Aquinos husband was assassinated. Cory Aquino returned to the Philippines a few days later and led her husbands funeral rites, where more than two million people were estimated to have participated, the biggest ever in Philippine history. From the moment of Ninoy Aquinds assassination, Corazon Aquino became an acclaimed public figure. The shy woman learned to address huge rallies. There was so much rage in her. It did not seem difficult to speak her mind out before thousands of people and to become gadfly her husband had been. She prodded into action against the Marcos government, to demand an honest investigation into her husbands murder. Marcos claimed the assassin was Galman, whom he described as a Communist. Somehow, Galman had slipped through the security cordon with a weapon and shot Aquino before guards killed him. A Marcos-appointed commission came to the same conclusion. More likely, Galman was set up as the fall guy and then killed to ensure is silence. Subsequent investigations revealed that Galman was a petty criminal with links to the police. His family said that days before his death, Galman left his house in the company of several police and soldiers. Public pressure for Justice was strong. General Fabian Ver, Marcoss chief of staff, and twenty-five others were tried for the murder but were acquitted in December 1985. This incident pushed the limit to Mrs. Aquino. After the death of Ninoy, a group later known as the Convenors, held their first meeting in October 1984, at the home of Cory Aquinds mother in the ealthy Dasmarihas Village subdivision in the town of Makati in the metropolitan Manila. The convenors decided that three of their number would screen candidates and would choose one after consultation. The three were Ongpin, Cory Aquino and Lorenzo Tanada, venerable elder statesman of the opposition movement. During the convenors deliberations, Cory Aquino began to emerge as a political force in her own right, no longer simply the widow of Ninoy. At first, her role was to lend moral authority to the convenors, but Tanada and the others, despairing of the alternative, egan to see Aquino as the only candidate capable of uniting the opposition. They needed a candidate with a reputation for personal integrity who could appeal to conservative communists, left-leaning progressives, and the broad masses. They also needed a candidate acceptable to Washington, which exerted broad influence in the Philippines, and which had long supported Marcos of a dearth of alternatives. Aquinds seeming lack of personal ambition and deep-seated ideology made her perfect for the task. l am Just one of the thousands and millions of victims of the Marcos Regime, Cory would tell the crowds who came to hear her speak. am not the victim who has suffered the most, but perhaps the victim who is best known. I look around me and I see a nation that is sinking deeper and deeper into despair. I sense a growing feeling of helplessness and a creeping belief that no matter what abuse may be thrown at our faces, we are powerless to do anything about it. And since the Philippines needed an unequivocal change from the twenty-year rule of him for presidency. More than anyone, Cory Aquino knew the hard work, planning, meetings, and campaigning required. Like Ninoy, she was now away from home and the family for sixteen hours a day. She campaigned like a trouper, answering nasty remarks with simple retorts. To the comment that she had no experience, she replied, It is true that I have no experience in lying, cheating, stealing and killing. I offer you honesty and sincerity in leadership. To the others she promised, if elected, not to live in Malacanang. I will open it up to the people. She spoke before women, peasants, workers, and students as well as upper-class civic groups. To them all, she was a symbol of an uncorrupted woman, a woman they could trust. She made no great promises about immediately solving the staggering problems of the bankrupt country. It seemed enough, at the moment, to topple a brutal dictatorship, to restore civil rights and liberties, to open up democratic space, as she called it. Only with patience, and through peace and reconciliation, would the country be able to move forward. Her popularity reached a high point when one million people showed up at a post-election rally in Luneta Park in Manila on February 16. On February 25, Corazon Aquino was sworn in as the seventh president of the Philippines in a political upset that has been called historic. The New Year began with smiles and accolades. President Aquino, a woman, was honored by Time Magazine as its Man of he Year for 1986. On January 19, she won the Martin Luther King Award for nonviolence. We are finally free, and we can truly be proud of the unprecedented way we achieved our freedom, with courage, with determination, and most important, in peace. A new life starts for our country. But making that new life work was proving extremely difficult, as the woman in charge of what everyone called the Cory government rolled up her sleeves and got down to work. Her first act after taking office was to appoint a presidential cabinet of seventeen advisers. All of them had been opposed to President Marcos. Thirteen of them were lawyers, and five had attended Harvard University or Yale. Whatever their individual differences, the cabinet members got right down to work, too. Their first project was fguring how to run the government without having to abide by the structure set up by Ferdinand Marcos. Intent on upholding civil and human rights, she reestablished the writ of habeas corpus suspended by Marcos in 1971. Once again people were given protection against illegal imprisonment. She removed restraints on freedom of the press and on the rights of labor. Fulfilling a campaign promise, she announced the nconditional release from Jail of some five hundred political prisoners, including communists, an act that drew both applause and criticism. By mid-March, the president created the Committee on Human Rights, abolished the old National Assembly filled with Marcos followers, and adopted a provisional Freedom Constitution. The opening up of democratic space was not only to benefit the people but necessary for the president herself. She is deeply committed to the democratic process, for through freedom of expression she can hear a broad range of popular opinion.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Battle of Blenheim in the War of Spanish Succession Battle of Blenheim - Conflict Date: The Battle of Blenheim was fought August 13, 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714). Commanders Armies: Grand Alliance John Churchill, Duke of MarlboroughPrince EugÃ ¨ne of Savoy52,000 men, 60 guns France Bavaria Duc de TallardMaximilian II EmanuelFerdinand de Marsin56,000 men, 90 guns Battle of Blenheim - Background: In 1704, King Louis XIV of France sought to knock the Holy Roman Empire out of the War of Spanish Succession by capturing its capital, Vienna. Eager to keep the Empire in the Grand Alliance (England, Habsburg Empire, Dutch Republic, Portugal, Spain, the Duchy of Savoy), the Duke of Marlborough made plans to intercept the French and Bavarian forces before they could reach Vienna. Executing a brilliant campaign of disinformation and movement, Marlborough was able to shift his army from the Low Countries to the Danube in only five weeks, placing himself between the enemy and the Imperial capital. Reinforced by Prince EugÃ ¨ne of Savoy, Marlborough encountered the combined French and Bavarian army of Marshall Tallard along the banks of the Danube near the village of Blenheim. Separated from the Allies by a small stream and marsh known as the Nebel, Tallard arrayed his forces in a four mile-long line from the Danube north towards the hills and woods of the Swabian Jura. Anchoring the line were the villages of Lutzingen (left), Oberglau (center), and Blenheim (right). On the Allied side, Marlborough and EugÃ ¨ne had decided to attack Tallard on August 13. Battle of Blenheim - Marlborough Attacks: Assigning Prince EugÃ ¨ne to take Lutzingen, Marlborough ordered Lord John Cutts to attack Blenheim at 1:00 PM. Cutts repeatedly assaulted the village, but was unable to secure it. Though the attacks were not successful, they caused the French commander, ClÃ ©rambault, to panic and order the reserves into the village. This mistake robbed Tallard of his reserve force and negated the slight numerical advantage he possessed over Marlborough. Seeing this error, Marlborough altered his orders to Cutts, instructing him to simply contain the French in the village. At the opposite end of the line, Prince EugÃ ¨ne was having little success against the Bavarian forces defending Lutzingen, despite having launched multiple assaults. With Tallards forces pinned down on the flanks, Marlborough pushed forward an attack on the French center. After heavy initial fighting, Marlborough was able to defeat Tallards cavalry and routed the remaining French infantry. With no reserves, Tallards line broke and his troops began fleeing towards HÃ ¶chstdt. They were joined in their flight by the Bavarians from Lutzingen. Trapped in Blenheim, ClÃ ©rambaults men continued the fight until 9:00 PM when over 10,000 of them surrendered. As the French fled southwest, a group of Hessian troops managed to capture Marshall Tallard, who was to spend the next seven years in captivity in England. Battle of Blenheim - Aftermath Impact: In the fighting at Blenheim, the Allies lost 4,542 killed and 7,942 wounded, while the French and Bavarians suffered approximately 20,000 killed and wounded as well as 14,190 captured. The Duke of Marlboroughs victory at Blenheim ended the French threat to Vienna and removed the aura of invincibility that surrounded the armies of Louis XIV. The battle was a turning point in the War of Spanish Succession, ultimately leading to the Grand Alliances victory and an end of French hegemony over Europe.